We are a group of archaeologists, anthropologists, curators and geneticists representing diverse global communities and 31 countries. Here we propose the following globally applicable guidelines, taking into consideration diverse contexts. These hold that:
(1) researchers must ensure that all regulations were followed in the places where they work and from which the human remains derived;
(2) researchers must prepare a detailed plan prior to beginning any study;
(3) researchers must minimize damage to human remains;
(4) researchers must ensure that data are made available following publication to allow critical re-examination of scientific findings; and
(5) researchers must engage with other stakeholders from the beginning of a study and ensure respect and sensitivity to stakeholder perspectives.a set of five proposed globally applicable ethical guidelines for ancient human DNA research.