Keys cherry-picked 6 countries that would show a perfect correlation between Saturated Fat consumption and Heart-Disease related deaths. When you plug in the remaining 15 countries, there is no correlation at all. Keys knew it was a HYPOTHESIS and cherry-picked his data.
The public did not know this however because the 6 countries shown on the graph were the only published countries released during this study. Keys recommended that a diet low in Saturated Fat was what Americans should be following.
Eisenhower himself started implementing Keys’ recommendations for a low-fat diet and Cholesterol became the boogeyman overnight. Even though it has been proven that raising LDL cholesterol from diet does not translate to heart attacks and death.
It is also important to note that Keys had a fiery personality and was willing to argue with anyone, anytime, anywhere. He was able to maneuver his way onto the board of the American Heart Association (AHA).
In 1961, the AHA came out with the first advice EVER to cut back on Saturated Fat to prevent heart attacks. Up until this point, Americans consumed almost 50% of their calories from fat and were relatively slim.
The sugar industry also did not want to be blamed for heart disease and metabolic disfunction. In 1965, the sugar industry paid off Harvard Researchers to produce 2 articles to exonerate sugar and blame saturated fat for cardiovascular disease.
To seal the deal, in 1977, a select Senate committee recommended The Low-Fat Diet to the nation (against scientists’ pleas). Their argument was: “We cannot afford to wait for evidence on Saturated Fat."The senators were literally warned by scientists and they ignored it.
By 1980, the first US Dietary Guidelines were released and the campaign against fat officially began. They recommended 7 - 11 servings of bread everyday and 50-55% of your calories coming from carbohydrates (mostly grains). Saturated Fat consumption was decimated to 10%.
So what did we do when we took the fat out of our food? We supplemented with sugar and vegetable oils that were "fat-free."Marketing companies spend millions convincing consumers that sugar and vegetable oils were "low-fat” and therefore “healthier” than Fat.
Americans obediently listed and cut back on red meat, whole milk, eggs, and butter.The result? Some of the highest obesity rates the world has ever seen.