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One Sentence News / Jan 12, 2022

Colin Wright
Colin Wright
The news simply summarized / January 12, 2022
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Summary: A 57-year-old man has become the first-ever recipient of a transplanted pig heart, a medical first that doctors are hoping will save his life—he’s reportedly doing well several days after the experimental surgery.
Context: The patient is still in recovery and hooked up to a heart-lung machine to help his new heart function properly, but doctors are cautiously optimistic as there’s a consistent shortage of human organs available for transplant, and if this works—though there will no doubt be new ethical considerations to figure out—there’s a chance animal organs could be usable in a pinch; historically, animal to human transplants haven’t worked because the recipient’s body rejects the transplanted organ shortly after installation, but in this case the heart came from a gene-altered pig lacking a cell-component thought to be responsible for those earlier organ rejections.
—The Associated Press
Summary: A justice on the Lahore High Court, Justice Ayesha A. Malik, has had her elevation to the Supreme Court of Pakistan approved; a first for the country.
Context: Quite a few lawyers and other legal professionals opposed Justice Malik’s elevation to the Supreme Court, some of them threatening to go on strike if she was approved, and last September four out of eight members of the judicial commission tasked with finding a new Supreme Court justice likewise didn’t want her for the job, but Pakistan’s chief justice threw his support behind her, as have several legal and advocacy groups in the area, and although her appointment still must be confirmed by a parliamentary committee, it’s expected to go through without much fuss, netting her a ten-year term.
—The New York Times
Summary: An estimated 200 people were killed in a revenge attack conducted by armed bandits in the northern Nigerian state of Zamfara last week—reportedly in retribution for military airstrikes the government launched against them a few days earlier.
Context: This is just the most recent of a long series of atrocities committed by bandit gangs who hide out in forests and dash into populated areas on fast motorbikes, kill a bunch of people, take a lot of stuff, and sometimes grab prisoners to ransom off, as well, before retreating back into the woods where they’re difficult to detect; the Nigerian government has said it will track down and wipe out these groups, but they’ve also been saying that for a long time, and the attacks continue—so although there’s evidence of the government making more of an effort in this regard, it’s less certain, so far at least, that these efforts will have the intended effect.
Fresh advisories to mask-up and use high-quality masks are popping up all over the place, as medical agencies and organizations try to communicate how much better a well-fitted N95 mask (KN95 masks are very similar) works than a regular cloth or surgical mask (as you can see in the chart above, if two people are wearing N95 masks and one of them is infected with Omicron, they should still be okay—no disease transmitted—for about 25 hours, which is pretty astounding given the communicability of Omicron, and that goes up to 2,500 hours if both masks are properly fitted and sealed).
Number of people who are now under heavy COVID restrictions in China (approximately) following the lockdown of Anyang, a city of about 5.5 million people, after two Omicron infections were detected there on Monday.
This follows the lockdown of about 13 million people in Xi'an nearly three weeks ago, and another 1.1 million in Yuzhou about a week ago.
These new cases in Anyang are believed to be connected to the Omicron cases detected in Tianjin last weekend, where affected areas are currently locked down for mass testing.
—The Associated Press
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Colin Wright
Colin Wright @colinismyname

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