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Manolo Quezon is #TheExplainer Newsletter - Generational Divide

Manuel L. Quezon III
Manuel L. Quezon III
My column this week looked at what one survey said: there are only two generations that have not given FM Jr. majority support. What both of these generations have in common is People Power.

A picture worth a thousand words.
A picture worth a thousand words.
This week's The Long View
The big bonanza? | Inquirer Opinion
Related readings on voters
My column explored information from the latest Octa April 2-6, 2022 Survey. These slides, in particular, are useful:
Generational breakdown of candidates' support
Generational breakdown of candidates' support
"Hard" and "Soft" support for candidates. Soft suggests more than 50% chance of changing one's mind.
"Hard" and "Soft" support for candidates. Soft suggests more than 50% chance of changing one's mind.
Always an interesting slide in surveys: who gains if supports for a candidate wanes.
Always an interesting slide in surveys: who gains if supports for a candidate wanes.
Randy David looks at the surveys and the passion of volunteers on the ground in his recent column, Citizen engagement against the surveys. See also the Washington Post story below:
How the Philippines’ brutal history is being whitewashed for voters - The Washington Post
Related readings on revisionism and denialism
Inquirer Briefing: Negotiated Revolutions – Manuel L. Quezon III
A good summary and see below, additional thoughts.
A good summary and see below, additional thoughts.
In my column I also briefly mentioned a debate ongoing (online, anyway) which also has a generational aspect to it. That is: a feeling of resentment among some young people against the generation(s) that expelled the Marcoses, for not engaging in either bloodletting (the liquidation of the Marcoses and friends) or a legally-mandated exclusion of the Marcoses from the country and its politics.
In the first place we forget as I pointed out in a recent column (William Saunders: A name that binds) the return of the Marcoses was due to.a condition made by the Swiss government; see: Switzerland: Court Rules on Marcos Assets
Second of all, the decision of Cory Aquino early on approve the going into exile of the Marcoses, was then challenged by them in the Supreme Court. This was the then-famous Marcos v. Manglapus Case of 1989 (read the decision here).
Noteworthy, too, are instances when Ill-Gotten Wealth Recognized by the Philippine Supreme Court. (see also: Do the Marcoses have ill-gotten wealth?). The previous institution of a national holiday on February 25, and the building of a national monument commemorating the EDSA Revolution, are also tangible expressions that not even President Duterte, with his agenda of accommodating the wishes of the Marcoses for a state burial, was able to reverse.
The sentiments that have led to a debate, on the other hand, makes approach of historian Timothy Garton Ash, who described the People Power revolts in Eastern Europe as “Velvet Revolutions” highly useful. Ash believes what is crucial, considering the peaceful and negotiated nature of “Velvet Revolution,” is a Truth Commission and the establishing of the rule of law right away.
Here, legislation matters. There is Republic Act No. 10368, the Human Rights Victims Reparation and Recognition Act of 2013 which categorically states:
Consistent with the foregoing, it is hereby declared the policy of the State to recognize the heroism and sacrifices of all Filipinos who were victims of summary execution, torture, enforced or involuntary disappearance and other gross human rights violations committed during the regime of former President Ferdinand E. Marcos covering the period from September 21, 1972 to February 25, 1986 and restore the victims’ honor and dignity. The State hereby acknowledges its moral and legal obligation to recognize and/or provide reparation to said victims and/or their families for the deaths, injuries, sufferings, deprivations and damages they suffered under the Marcos regime.
Similarly, it is the obligation of the State to acknowledge the sufferings and damages inflicted upon persons whose properties or businesses were forcibly taken over, sequestered or used, or those whose professions were damaged and/or impaired, or those whose freedom of movement was restricted, and/or such other victims of the violations of the Bill of Rights.
A very relevant article is this study, Holocaust denial in criminal law: Legal frameworks in selected EU Member States which reminds us that denialism is a fairly recent phenomenon, and that it took years for the societies confronting denialism to recognize it and then approach it from a legal point of view.
As for what made conditions ripe for the a Tipping Point to be possible for the Marcoses, please see my presentation below.
Presentation: The Rise and Fall of our Fifth Republic – Manuel L. Quezon III
#ProyektoPilipino this week
You can find us twice a week, actually. The video discussion which is the main show, and an audio-only podcast which serves as a kind of in-depth follow-through.
We Bulong: Fake news | Episode 11 | Proyekto Pilipino
Talas ng patalastas - Proyekto Pilipino: Conversations on Civics and Politics | Podcast on Spotify
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Manuel L. Quezon III
Manuel L. Quezon III @mlq3

I'm a columnist for the Philippine Daily Inquirer; an Editor at large at; I write on history, politics and culture; and I write speeches and have worked in political communications; and I used to broadcast (which is where The Explainer comes from); I also set up and maintain the Philippine Diary Project; this is a newsletter to keep readers abreast of what I've written, am writing, and think about what's going on as well as a way to expand topics and conversations on all sorts of issues. Ideally, this will come thrice weekly:
1. Every Monday: Electoral-Merry-Go Round, on the Road to the 2022 Presidential Elections
2. Every Wednesday or Thurday: My column, "The Long View" along with additional material/thoughts on the topic.
3. Passion Project Weekends: reviews and recommendations books, movies, and other things; updates on The Philippine Diary Project and other things I find interesting. If my podcast comes out, this is when I'd promote it.

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