Such studies just pollute the literature with false positives – obscuring any real signal amongst a mass of surrounding flotsam that future researchers will have to wade through. Sure, they keep people busy, they allow graduate students to be trained (badly), and they generate papers, which often get cited (compounding the pollution). But they are not part of “normal science” – they do not contribute incrementally and cumulatively to a body of knowledge.
We are no further in understanding the neural basis of a condition like autism than we were before the hundreds of small-sample/exploratory-design studies published on the topic. They have not combined to give us any new insights, they don’t build on each other, they don’t constrain each other or allow subsequent research to ask deeper questions. They just sit there as “findings”, but not as facts.