Nine ministries, including the NDRC, NEA, and MOF, delivered the highly-expected Renewable Energy 14th Five-Year plan. The mid-term plan believes that the top priority of China’s renewable industries is the large-scale mounted wind/solar power projects; it also suggests to orderly develop offshore wind and actively promoting distributed wind power.
The FYP outlines the regional development strategy and separated emphasis of different renewable sectors in the next five years:
Traditional “Three-Northern” regions (meaning: Northern, Northwestern, and Northeastern provinces): promote large-scale wind and photovoltaic power complexes
Southwestern provinces: promote hydro-wind-and-PV integrated projects in southwestern China.
In Central China and Southeastern Provinces: focus on small-medium-scale wind and photovoltaic construction near the power consumption centers
Eastern provinces: promote large-scale and connected development of offshore wind complexes
Cautiously promote diversified development of biomass energy.
Actively promote the industrialization of geothermal energy.
Cautiously carry out the demonstration of ocean energy.
Promote renewable power-to-gas: carry out industrial-scale renewable power-to-gas, and promote green hydrogen to replace conventional/fossil fuels in petrochemical, coal, and transportation sectors.
The policy also touched upon major issues such as “solar for desertification control”, renewable+innovation (integrating with battery storage), and renewable-to-heating.
The policy, however, does NOT specify the separated installed capacity targets of 2025 PV and wind. Instead, it reiterates that China aims to raise total wind and solar capacity to 1.2TW by 2030, almost double the 2020 rate.
The policy proposes that:
- China will ensure that the grid source about 33% of power from renewable sources by 2025, up from 28.8% in 2020.
- The total hydro-including “renewable” energy power generation by 2030 would reach 330 TWh (with a 50% increase from that in 2020.
- The non-electricity-generation energy supply (such as heating supply) of renewable energy (biomass, solar energy, geothermal) would reach 60 million tons of standard coal (60m TCE).