Madagascar is one of the poorest places in Africa, despite its biological and cultural richness. The people in this territory face many problems including weak infrastructure, poor health care, gender equality, a poor educational system and malnutrition. Progress is slow, and the country is heavily reliant on international aid.
Climate change has also brought challenges to the island, such as locust infestations, hurricanes and floods. Deforestation and soil erosion are also major threats and reduce the ability of local farmers to produce enough food. Other products like cassava, coconut, mangos, bananas, sugar cane, soybean, vanilla and sunflower oil are produced by foreign companies for sale abroad.
There is a desperate need for investment in sustainable industries (such as green energy, water infrastructure, roads, bridges) in order to preserve the biodiversity, add value and protections to Madagascar’s own natural resources to drive economic development, educate and develop the vulnerable communities.
Protecting Madagascar’s biodiversity is important, but people need livelihoods too. Environmental laws must be strengthened to be effective enough to protect and maintain a balance between Madagascar’s biodiversity and the local communities fishing and agricultural incomes. Efforts must focus on protecting wildlife, poverty alleviation and economic development.
It is never too late to educate ourselves and address our world’s poverty, inequality and climate change. We have to start immediately so our world can have a healthier future that values human life and biodiversity.