Africa is famous for its diverse ethnic groups, landscapes, mining and wildlife. It is shaped by thousands of years of challenges and natural beauty.
Some interesting facts about Africa:
- Madagascar is the largest island in Africa.
- There are more than 2000 recognised languages in Africa.
- Africa is the hottest continent in the world.
- Africa is home to the longest river in the world- the River Nile. The river stretches 6,695km, and flows through 11 countries (Tanzania, Uganda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Eritrea, South Sudan, Sudan and Egypt)
- Unfortunately, Africa is the poorest continent in the world. Many people in Africa do not have access to basic amenities such as running water, electricity and sanitation systems that are considered standard in the West.
- The continent is rich in minerals- petroleum, platinum, coal, gold and diamonds. However, mining is one of the most controversial issues.
- Well over half of the Unesco World Heritage Sites are in Africa and the sites represents cultural and natural beauty spots. ( to name a few; Serengeti national park in Tanzania, the Okavango Delta in Botswana, Namib sand sea, Robben island- Nelson Mandela former prison, Elmina- Ghana’s slave castles, which marked the beginning of the slaves perilous journey during the era of the slave trade, Pyramids of Giza in Egypt).
- All of Africa was colonized by foreign powers, except Ethiopia and Liberia.
- Before Africa was colonised, Africa comprised of up to 10,000 different states and autonomous groups with distinct languages and customs.
- Deforestation rates in Africa are twice the average for the rest of the world with millions of hectares of primary forest disappearing every year. Forests are currently being destroyed and degraded for commercial use, such as land conversion to plantations, agriculture, mines, roads and settlements.