18th Division of the Japanese Army, backed by a power Naval force arrived at Port Blair on 23rd March 1942. It was being looked after by 300 Sikh militia commanded by 23 British officers. They offered no resistance and later re-enlisted with the Azad Hind Fauj of Netaji.
The British officers were sent to prisoners of war (PoW) camps in Singapore. The two people - Chief Commissioner Waterfall and Deputy Commissioner Major A. G. Bird along with other British civilian leaders were imprisoned in the same Andaman Cellular jail - which was known as the infamous Kaalapaani.
Indian National Army Colonel Bucho headed the command at the Andamans. Deputy Commissioner Major A. G. Bird, who had until then tortured the Indian freedom fighters in the most inhuman ways, was dealt with severely by Colonel Bucho. He was tortured and his arms and legs were twisted and broken and then he was beheaded by Colonel Bucho. As horrific as it looks, it was a befitting end to one of the monsters who put the Indian freedom fighters through living hell in that place.
A year and a half later, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose accompanied by Sarvashri Anand Mohan Sahay, Captain Rawat - ADC and Col. DS Raju, the personal physician of Netaji, landed in the Andaman islands at the Port Blair aerodrome on December 29th, 1943.
A day later - on December 30th, 1943 - the tricolor was first unfurled in Independent India. Netaji stood on Indian soil, free from the tyranny of the British, with the first flag of India flying high!
Netaji changed the name of the Andaman Island to Shaheed and Nicobar Island to Swaraj. India now had its first government of a free country and it was formed in its own land, with its own currency, civil code, and stamps.
Netaji later appointed INA General AD Loganathan as the governor of the Islands.
The remaining accounts say that although the new government was announced, the control was still in the hands of the Japanese. And the Japanese were torturing and killing the local population and even the people released from the Cellular jail. On January 30, 1944; 44 Indian civilians suspected of being spies were killed when they were shot at point-blank range.
Now, remember the historical accounts have come from the Allied forces and then carried by the Nehru government. So, until one gets accounts from a neutral source or the account also from the Japanese side, these stories need to be taken with a pinch of salt.
On December 30th, 2018, Indian PM Narendra Modi unfurled the tricolor to mark the 75th anniversary of the tricolor hoisting by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. In his book, “India’s biggest cover-up”, Anuj Dhar, a long time researcher of Netaji Subhash Bose discussed how the Indian government with agreement of Nehru and Gandhi had promised to hand over Netaji to the US and UK if he was found in India, as everyone knew that he was still alive. He was feared by the Nehru government always because of his popularity and the fact that Netaji and not Gandhi gave India its independence.
Please read the real story of India’s independence Drishtikone shared 4 years back, when no one had discussed it.