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The damage becomes clear

NOS 75 years of liberation
Since there was an error in the hyperlinks, we have decided to resend this edition. Our apologies.
“Shards and splinter everywhere. A silence like in an empty church.” The harbor of Amsterdam is one of the many places that suffered greatly in the war. Only now a bigger picture becomes clear. Furthermore in our 39th issue: we start recording the Liberation newscasts again and the document that cost SS-leader Himmler his life is disovered.
Walcheren, Eindhoven, Arnhem, The Betuwe, Groningen, The Wieringermeer and the North of Limburg. We have reported on all these warzones these last few months. In 1945 it was not until now that the Netherlands realised how widespread the damage was, after the first euphoria of liberation. Minister Tromp for Reconstruction reacts appalled: “Had it lasted for two more weeks the damage could have never been reversed.”
Damage in Rotterdam, 1946 (NIOD)
Damage in Rotterdam, 1946 (NIOD)
Take for example the destruction in the city of Rotterdam, where not much has been done after the bombardment of 1940. The reconstruction costs were put on a total of 600 million guilders. On top of the destruction done to central Rotterdam people also have to worry about the harbor, destroyed by the retreating Germans, just as in Amsterdam.  
a group of women observing the damage done to Wieringermeer
a group of women observing the damage done to Wieringermeer
The high number of fallen victims is also becoming clear, with more and more newly found mass graves. The dunes near Bloemendaal seem the have been used as a way to make bodies disappear these last few months. 
the storing of the victims
the storing of the victims
In the Hague attempts are being made to form a new cabinet, that must “bring pace” to the reconstruction of our country. Because parliament has not been restored yet queen Wilhelmina appoints politicians Drees and Schermerhorn to take charge. These men that want to break open the pillarized politics in our country. Schermerhorn even happens to be the foreman of the New Nederlandse Volksbeweging (Dutch People’s Movement), that wants to use the united spirit that arose from our occupation during war to end the partisan bickering from before the war. 
The attempts of the NVB to really break through old habits would strand on the elections of 1946. The foreman of the party helped with the creation of the PvdA (Labour Party), but that ended up becoming a much less broad party than was hoped. Many old parties returned to politics, sometimes under new names. The NVB was finally disbanded in 1951.
The new government needn’t worry about the remaining German soldiers in our country. This week they start returning home. Even from the Waddeneilanden the soldiers are steadily leaving: Terschelling is retaken this week by the Allied forces. It will take until next month however for Schiermonnikoog to be taken over as last island. The Germans return home to a motherland where the Third Reich officially has fallen. The Allies cleared the last remains of the moribund Dönitz government. In the Netherlands the arresting of collaborators continues, as for example the NSB-propaganda photographer Cino. Meanwhile, our Canadian liberators enjoy their well-earned rest: in Haarlem people are looking for swimsuits to pamper the soldiers a little extra.
War reports
Other massages this week:
If you have any information on how chauffeur L.H. Luit managed to save the car, please tell us via 75jaarbevrijding@nos.nl. We would love to hear the story.
chauffeur Luit shows the Rolls to the ambassador and his wife
chauffeur Luit shows the Rolls to the ambassador and his wife
Not used on the site
After all of the misery of the damage and victims in our country we found a more cheerful picture and inventive solution in the British archives. Any idea what is happening here?
In England the black-ut and loose running cattle were not a good combination. If a cow ended up in a road after dark it could lead to accidents. That is why the animal was received these white stripes, to stand out a little more in the darkness.
The last liberation newscasts recorded
The filming of the liberation newscasts has started again this week. And the “corona calm” in the streets is still beneficial to us. Filming without cars and people around does make it easier.
Lex Runderkamp tells in Amsterdam how Jews where faced with many more disappointments after returning home
Lex Runderkamp tells in Amsterdam how Jews where faced with many more disappointments after returning home
One year ago, our staff wondered if there would be enough to tell in August 1945, other than the ending of the war in Asia. We now know better. Besides the war against Japan the newscast will also cover topics as the harsh homecoming for the camp-survivors, the return of thousands and thousands of forced workers and the reconstruction of our country. There will also be attention for the enduring shortages of food, the prosecution of the NSB members and political struggles. Correspondents report in from the USA, Japan, and the Dutch East Indies. And military expert Christ Klep enlightens us again.
The newscast looks to be very promising again. They will be available from the 6th of August on NPO 1, right after the NOS 8 o’ clock news. And on our website off course.
in Bergen op Zoom he welcomes hundreds of forced workers that return from Germany where they had to work in the industrial branch of the war
in Bergen op Zoom he welcomes hundreds of forced workers that return from Germany where they had to work in the industrial branch of the war
75 years later: WO ll and liberation news from 2020
Despite the limitations forced upon us by the corona virus King Willem-Alexander attended an impressive memorial service on the American field of honor in Margraten, in honor of Memorial Day. 8301 white crosses are located on the field. Each with it own tragic story, stories that the project de gezichten van Margraten (the faces of Margraten) is trying to record. “8000 pictures are doable, but after that it is going to be a real challenge.”
The document that Himmler tried to use to cross the Allied front has been found after 75 years in the legacy left behind by a British soldier.
Prominent persons protest against the naming of a German museum in honor of the controversial civil servant Calmeyer. He saved a lot of Jews, but also let a lot of them perish.
The Soviet field of honor in Leusden has once again succeeded in identifying the remains of two soldiers.
And Sandy Cortmann, who became famous after the last Market Garden memorial as the 97-parachutist when he attempted another jump, has passed.
Cortmann after his jump
Cortmann after his jump
Preview
Next week those who returned in the south of east of the country will be allowed to travel further west. We take a look in Artis and the damaged North Sea beach and Germany is divided into four parts.
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