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The American Dream?

Central American News
The American Dream?
By Central American News • Issue #49 • View online

Dear Readers,
After a week off, we welcome you back to this week of Central American news!
Óscar Alberto and his daughter Angie Valeria Martínez Ramírez are two of the many who tragically lose their lives while attempting to reach the United States. We want to use this space to mourn their lives. Their loss has stirred pain and trauma for many members in our community and we acknowledge the lives of others who have died in the perilous journey to seek a better life. 
This Friday marked the 10th year anniversary of the coup d’état in Honduras, which has debilitated the country’s democracy ever since and is one of the many reasons why people leave their country. More and more Hondurans want their president Juan Orlando Hernandez out - and last Monday, military police and shot students who were protesting. At least four were injured.
In Costa Rica, tens of thousands of Costa Ricans celebrated pride in San José for the first time since the courts ruling last August to legalize gay marriage.
Thanks for trusting Central American News for your weekly dose of Central America.
Salú,
The Central American News Team
Photo of the Day
Dedicated to the memory of Óscar Alberto and Angie Valeria Martínez Ramírez. By Dichos de un bicho, a Los Angeles-based Salvadoran cartoonist and political commentator.
Dedicated to the memory of Óscar Alberto and Angie Valeria Martínez Ramírez. By Dichos de un bicho, a Los Angeles-based Salvadoran cartoonist and political commentator.
Headlines
Migration
📰 Mexican Immigration Enforcement: Mexico deployed 15,000 soldiers and police officers to the northern border with the U.S. to continue with efforts to reduce migration into the U.S. // National Guard troops have increased detainment of Central Americans along both the northern and southern border. // Two more border cities in Tamaulipas and Sonora, Mexico have been added to the Migrant Protections Protocols (MPP)/Remain in Mexico program. 
📰 Migrant Detention: Survivors of World War II Japanese American internment camps protested outside Fort Sill military base to denounce the recent order to move 1,400 migrant children to the base. // After reports of inhumane conditions for migrant children at a Texas detention center, 300 migrant children were moved out of the detention center to another facility.
📰 Rest in Peace, Oscar and Valeria: The family of the drowned Salvadoran migrant Óscar Alberto Martínez Ramírez and his infant daughter Angie Valeria mourns their deaths as they have become a symbol of the perils of Central American migration to the U.S.
Guatemala 
📰 Elections: Sandra Torres is the announced winner of the first round of Guatemala’s presidential elections with more than 25% of the vote // Following the results of the election, the TSE calls for calm to review the preliminary results that have not yet been formalized and has issued a warning that people who claim fraud - in relation to the elections- without sustenance will be criminally denounced.
📰 Justice:The Guatemalan prosecutor’s office requested the international capture of former 2015 vice presidential candidate, Mario Leal on corruption charges.
📰 #SoySuVoz: SOS Children’s Villages has launched #SoySuVoz, a campaign aimed to foster positive parenting and raise awareness and sensitize the population to the children rights. The six-month campaign will advocate the need for the State and adults to protect children from violence in all its forms. 
Belize 
📰People’s United Party criticizes government for ignoring country-wide violence, including the recent murder of a Virginia cardiologist.
📰Belize and Taiwan to celebrate 30 years of partnership and economic and political support.
Nicaragua 
📰 Diplomacy: OAS approved a resolution condemning the Nicaragua’s government and putting a term of 75 days to solve the political crisis, reform the electoral institutions, respect human and constitutional rights, and let IACHR return to the country. OAS will form a high level commission which will come to the country and produce a report to decide if the Democratic Charter (suspension from OAS) should be applied to Nicaragua.
📰 Political Prisoners: Alianza Cívica reports there are still 91 political prisoners and 102 arrested on arbitrary terms. 10 new arrests and kidnappings are being reported daily, according to human rights organizations.
📰 Exiles woes: Jorge Isaac Duarte Salgado faces deportation from Panamá to Nicaragua. Jorge Isaac is protesting his deportation by cutting himself, because he faces death threats in Nicaragua by government forces. Edgar Montenegro Centeno and his son, Jalmar Montenegro Olivas, were murdered in Honduras by armed police and civilians with AK 47, a witness told. Edgard was a former “contra” and helped in the protests against the government in 2018. Reynaldo Antonio Guevara Rodríguez, 31, died while working in construction in México. Some exiled Nicaraguans who have returned to the country have been kidnapped by paramilitary or police forces, even though the government approved an amnesty and “safe return” laws. Meanwhile, a former Nicaraguan consul in México was detained for moving cuban immigrants in irregular situation. The former consul was still using diplomatic plates and documents. 
📰 Political violence: Political party “Ciudadanos por la libertad” demands an investigation on the murder of its activist Exequiel Matus by paramilitary forces.
El Salvador 
📰 Human Rights: On the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture (June 26), human rights groups asked the Legislative Assembly to ratify the United Nations Protocol against Torture and guarantee the eradication of all forms of torture in El Salvador, including inhumane prison conditions. 
📰 Bukele’s Security Plan: President Nayib Bukele announces new “Territorial Control Plan” that will focus on “regaining territory” of gang-controlled areas through the deployment of military personnel and police officers into public centers in 16 municipalities across the country. // Bukele also declared a “state of emergency” in 19 prisons, restricting detainee freedoms and transferring hundreds to higher security centers, and completely blocked cell phone signal from reaching within prison walls.  
📰 Development: Mexico commits to giving El Salvador $30 million to plant and harvest timber trees, an investment that could generate 20,000 new jobs. // The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) approved a $200 million loan for El Salvador to supplement that national budget and ensure continuing investment in public services and social programs. 
El Salvador 
📰 Human Rights: On the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture (June 26), human rights groups asked the Legislative Assembly to ratify the United Nations Protocal against Torture and guarantee the eradication of all forms of torture in El Salvador, including inhumane prison conditions. 

📰 Bukele’s Security Plan: President Nayib Bukele announces new “Territorial Control Plan” that will focus on “regaining territory” of gang-controlled areas through the deployment of military personnel and police officers into public centers in 16 municipalities across the country. // Bukele also declared a “state of emergency” in 19 prisons, restricting detainee freedoms and transferring hundreds to higher security centers, and completely blocked cell phone signal from reaching within prison walls.  

📰 Development: Mexico commits to giving El Salvador $30 million to plant and harvest timber trees, an investment that could generate 20,000 new jobs. // The Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) approved a $200 million loan for El Salvador to supplement that national budget and ensure continuing investment in public services and social programs. 

Honduras 
📰Coup d’etat: This Friday marked the 10th year anniversary of the coup d’etat in Honduras, which has debilitated the country’s democracy since. Violence spiked after the coup, and so did murders of social movement activists, indigenous community leaders, and journalists. Honduran youth born in the context of the coup recount their experiences of the day. 
📰Human rights orgs:  Human rights organizations reiterated to the Honduran government to stay away from deploying the armed forces or military police in the context of protests, as these forces are not trained to deal with civilian matters. 
📰Land defenders: The first audience against nine leaders of the indigenous Tolupan community occurred this Monday, after being criminalized for defending their land against extractivist projects. 
Panama 
📰 Inauguration: King Felipe VI and several Heads of State will participate at Cortizo’ s inauguration ceremony will take place on July 1st. Cortizo take office with calls for constitutional reform and with a  slow economy, which also faces the challenges of cleaning up its image as a tax haven and maintaining a balance in its relationship with China and the US. 
📰 Looking for allies: Cortizo pledged to work with the private sector to get the country out of a list of countries considered deficient to prevent money laundering. Cortizo’s administration declared they want to hear the American proposals in front of the migratory crisis that involves Panama for being a place of transit for thousands of people who try to reach the American dream.
📰 CHINA- LAC: Panama will host the upcoming China-Latin American Summit in December and 2,000 people are expected to visit the country. It is estimated that this event would leave $40 million to the national economy.
📰 USA-PANAMA: On Friday, the United States delivered 6 helicopters and security assistance for a total of 54 million dollars to Panama, as part of the cooperation to strengthen security in the province of Darién, on the border with Colombia.
Costa Rica
📰 Strikes: Students and transport workers are blocking highways to demand changes on the fiscal reform, the resignation of the education minister, and other public policies. Education minister says misinformation campaigns have been used to promote more protests by students.Over 1000 trucks are detained in the way to El Limón port. Talks between truckers and government have been halted this Sunday morning. 
📰 Pride: Tens of thousands of Costa Ricans celebrated pride in San José for the first time; since the courts ruling last August to legalize gay marriage. // Photos of Costa Rican’s celebrating pride by participating in Marcha de la Diversidad (March of Diversity) on Sunday afternoon throughout San José. 
📰 Wildlife Conservation: Costa Rica’s attention to wildlife conservation wants to serve as a model for the rest of the world by passing strict laws and regulations that protect animals and their habitats such as sloths, songbirds, and spider monkeys.
Nicaraguan Exiles at Mexico City Pride Parade
Good Reads
🚧 Children detained in the Miami-area Homestead Temporary Shelter for Unaccompanied Minors share their stories of grief, trauma, and fear with the Miami New Times.
📚 The New York Review of Books presents an article that delves into the historical trajectory of concentration camps as parallels have been drawn between migrant detention centers and concentration camps. 
💬 In “El Salvador Flirts with Mano Dura Again,”  InSight Crime analyzes President Nayib Bukele’s approach to security in the first days of his presidency,  explaining that he is relying on iron fist tactics that have failed in past governments.
💬 Contracorriente interviews Dr. Suyapa Figueroa, a key figure in the Platform for the Defense of Health and Education, where she highlights the frustration many Hondurans have with the current system and the continued demands of the platform to address these.
📚 Melissa Vida analyzes how less corruption meant less crime in Guatemala, and how it could be the same for El Salvador on World Politics Review.
Events
📗 Addressing the Root Causes of Migration in Central America. Fragility in the Northern Triangle of Central America, poverty, inequality, and lack of opportunities have forced thousands to flee their countries. Humanitarian aid organizations are working hard to address the root causes of forced migration by providing opportunities for youth-at-risk, working with parents and families, communities, and governments. But what actually works? What is at the heart for motivating children, youth and families to stay in their home countries? 
Where: Seattle International Foundation Event Space, Westlake Tower, 1601 Fifth Ave, Suite 1900. Seattle, WA 98101. United States
Multimedia & Art
🎥 This Vox reportage explains how the U.S. paid Mexico to begin immigration enforcement to deter Central American migration to the U.S.
🎥Revista Factum’s multimedia work, “Mamas Asesinas”, critiques El Salvador’s justice system which criminalizes young, poor women who miscarry, or lose their child shortly after childbirth due to an obstetric emergency. 
🎥 Lawyer Warren Bifford who inspected a Texas detention center for migrant children describes the inhumane and unsanitary conditions that she found the children in.
The Team
Melissa Vida, Founder and Editor
Nansi Rodríguez, Guatemala News
Rodrigo Peñalba, Nicaragua News
Jonathan Peraza Campos, Migration News
Jalileh García, Honduras News
Rachel Ketola, El Salvador News
Rachel Osorio, Costa Rica News
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