On Thursday, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced that they have begun their initial talks with Costa Rica about the country’s request for a $1.75 billion dollar loan
to alleviate economic hardships caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. // The government will take austerity measures
and new taxes or rates to cover the cost of the IMF loan.
📰 Sergio Rojas:
The Public Ministry dismissed the murder case
of indigenous leader Sergio Rojas due to insufficient evidence to accuse any of the three suspects identified. The UN asked the state of Costa Rica to continue with the investigation and to find the culprits so that the crime does not remain in impunity.
The government of Costa Rica announced that it has joined the COVAX initiative
for access to COVID-19 vaccines once they become available, promoted by the World Health Organization (WHO).
📰 El Mozote:
El Salvador’s military blocked
access to archives of El Mozote massacre again, despite judge’s order. In 2019, President Nayib Bukele assured that the military files were destroyed
. He later contradicted himself and showed the files on national television
. // President Bukele named deputy Milena Mayorga as the new ambassador to the United States. Mayorga is recognized for her messages of support
for the military man accused of leading on the ground the massacre of about 1,000 peasants in El Mozote in 1981, the deceased Domingo Monterrosa.
📰 Press Freedom:
President Nayib Bukele announced an investigation against the El Faro media outlet for money laundering
. The president of the Association of Journalists of El Salvador (APES), Angélica Cárcamo, rejected this “political persecution” against the media.
President Bukele will not sign the Escazú decree because it contains “a couple of clauses that do not apply to the reality of El Salvador.
” This agreement facilitates access to environmental information, public participation, access to environmental justice, and support for environmental defenders.
📰 Juana Raymundo Rivera
: Justice was accomplished
in the femicide and rape case of Juana Raymundo Rivera. Juana was a nurse and active member of the Peasant Development Committee (Codeca) before her death in 2018. Many are sharing their support of the conviction
of her attacker who will be facing 62 years in prison.
📰 Anastasia Mejia Tiriquiz
: Female, Mayan K'iche journalist Anastasia Mejia Tiriquiz was arrested for alleged crimes
of sedition, aggravated arson and aggravated robbery. She is the director of a local station Xol Abaj Radio and Xol Abaj TV and has covered corruption cases in the municipality of Joyabaj throughout her career. She is currently being held at a detention center in Quetzaltenango and was able to share a few words concerning the situation.
: The Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MSPAS) has only used 33.39% of the budget
in place for natural disasters and public crises during COVID-19 while many medical personnel are still lacking adequate equipment and preventative supplies. As of September 26, there are 89,702 cases
of COVID-19 and many are expecting a second wave of infections to happen.
📰 Indigenous Authorities
: The Sololá indigenous authorities gathered virtually for a hearing with the Constitutional Court to oppose the installation of a pipeline
surrounding Lake Atitlán which would pump water to the south coast. To some, the true intention is to create electrical energy using the water from the lake.
Of the 72,000 confirmed cases
of COVID-19 registered in Honduras, only 22,000 have been officially recovered. The lack of data can prevent recovered people from accessing follow-up healthcare. // While there is a decrease in the demand for funeral services related to COVID-19
in the last month in the big cities, there is an increase in the interior part of the country.
📰 Hospital Conditions:
More than 140 health employees
, including doctors, nurses and microbiology personnel had their contracts terminated at the Honduran Social Security Institute (IHSS) in Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula. The government justified this action because “the pandemic has ended”. // Doctor Suyapa Figueroa denounced that the death of yet another doctor exemplifies the mismanagement of the pandemic
where hospitals do not have protective equipment or medicine.
The mining company Aura Minerals-Minosa continues to destroy the cemetery
where two thousand corpses were buried, of which around 700 have already been exhumed, despite a court appeal. // Nearly 700 tons of trash
were found in the Omoa beach, said to come from hospitals and other types of waste from Guatemala.
📰 “Foreign Agents:”
President Ortega proposed a new law where Nicaraguan citizens working with international cooperation shall be registered as “foreign agents
.” Such persons must automatically “abstain, under penalty of legal sanctions, from intervening in issues, activities or topics of internal politics.” // Human Rights organization, CENIDH, denounced such laws that break at least 10 articles
of the Constitution.
📰 Press Freedom:
Journalist and Director of Radio La Costeñisima, Kalúa Salazar, was declared “guilty” of slander
for reporting on corruption in El Rama mayor’s office. // Channel 12, embargoed by a judge, cannot pay salaries, but 20 of their workers keep producing the news programs
Catholic churches will gradually reopen on October 4
. // Citizen Observatory shared a report with the United Nations about the COVID-19 situation in Nicaragua. The report reflects a downward trend
, but they warn that the virus continues to circulate and therefore the risk of infection is latent.
📰 2021 Elections
: An opinion poll showed that 80.8% of the participants consider that the Ortega government “will not allow free elections
” in 2021; a scenario in which 70% advocate strengthening a “peaceful citizen resistance” throughout the country, and demanding more international pressure against the dictatorship with greater intensity.
Former President Ricardo Martinelli’s new political party, Realizando Metas (RM)
(“Achieving Goals”), has been made official by the Electoral Tribunal. The news comes amidst his ongoing legal proceedings for criminal charges. He had previously founded and headed the political party Cambio Democrático (“Democratic Change”) until 2018.
The National Assembly has approved the establishment of the Amber Alert system
in Panama to quickly locate minors in case of abduction, loss, or disappearance.